List & Explanation of Basic Parts of vacuum cleaner

Ever wondered how vacuum cleaners clean dirt and debris so effectively? Well, they are made of several powerful components that help them suck all the mess and collect it in the disposable bag. So if you think that only a motor and a hose make the vacuum cleaner work, then you are highly mistaken.

Basic Parts of vacuum cleaner

In this article, we will be talking about all the major components that make a vacuum cleaner so efficient and powerful. From the motor to the dust bag, we have included everything, so make sure to read the article in full.

1- Motor

The motor is an essential part that is responsible for generating and transferring the power to the fan. The suction power of a vacuum cleaner is determined by the strength of its motor. Since the motor is the soul of any device, it’s important to maintain it properly to prevent burnout. Because if that happens, you will have to spend a lot of money on its repair and replacement.

2- Internal Fan

Internal fans produce the pressure required to suck the dirt and debris. Motor empowers the internal fan so that the fan blades can spin faster, resulting in better suction power. This fan is placed behind the rotary brush and is also responsible for pushing the mess into the garbage bag.

3- Intake Port

The intake port works with the rotating brush to draw the mess from the floor to the vacuum cleaner. That’s why the intake port always needs a supply of air to keep sucking the dust and dirt. Some companies narrow the intake port to increase the suction power, which is ideal for removing pet hairs and other stubborn particles.

4- Exhaust Port

The exhaust port is the ending component of a vacuum cleaner as it is responsible for the release of air and dust that comes inside from the intake port. A block or an issue in the exhaust port can increase the internal pressure, which then can push the air down, resulting in the release of the mess onto the floor.

5- Filter

Filters help in breaking down the larger particles and prevent them from reaching the internal areas of the vacuum cleaner. These filters are known as post-motor filters. There is also another type of filter present in vacuum cleaners, which ensures that no nasty bacteria gets released from the exhaust port. This filter is integrated to keep your home’s atmosphere free from any kind of allergens.

6- Power Source

The power source is another essential component as without it, the vacuum cleaner can’t function. Nowadays, most vacuum cleaners feature a plug cord as a power source but there are also battery variants available.

The plug cord is more convenient as you can easily connect it to the socket and start using the vacuum cleaner. However, battery-operated models are better when it comes to portability.

7- Dust Bag

The dust bag is the area where all the dirt and debris gets collected. It acts as a filter and captures the mess from the air so that your space stays free from any contaminants. Some vacuum cleaners also come with dust containers, which trap the garbage and allow you to see it.

With dust containers, you don’t need to spend extra money on buying dustbin bags, but they require cleaning.

8- Control Module

As the technology is getting advanced, vacuum cleaners have started coming with control modules, which provide you with all the information regarding filter troubles, dust bag status, and other potential issues. This module is generally present on the central vacuum system, which makes it slightly expensive than other models.


A vacuum cleaner will only work efficiently if all of its parts are in a good state. That’s why you must have a basic understanding of the workflow of a vacuum cleaner and its parts. Most people just clean the outer body of their vacuum cleaner and forget about the inner components.

This creates blockage and mechanical issues, which can lead to machinery failure. So it’s better to know the foundations so that even if a part fails, you will know what to do. Hope this article will solve some of your doubts and queries.

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